Infections Diseases For Dogs
This potentially fatal disease is caused by a virus. Distemper is highly contagious and is usually transmitted through contact with mucous and watery secretions discharged from the eyes and noses of infected dogs as well as through contact with their urine or fecal matter. The virus may also be airborne or carried on inanimate objects such as shoes. A healthy dog can contract distemper without ever coming in physical contact with an infected animal.
A dog with distemper appears to have a bad cold. He may sneeze and have a runny nose and runny eyes. Other signs to watch for are squinting, weight loss, coughing, vomiting, and diarrhea. A dog with distemper is usually listless and has a diminished appetite. As distemper progresses, it can attack the nervous system, causing a dog to become partially or completely paralyzed. The dog may twitch or have seizures.
Distemper is spread mainly from sick to susceptible dogs. Puppies and young adult dogs are most susceptible to infection by the distemper virus, but the disease also infrequently strikes older dogs. Most cases of distemper occur in puppies 8 to 16 weeks old. Distemper is more severe in young pups.
Distemper is not always easy to diagnose. Lab tests such as blood chemistry and blood cell counts aren’t of any value in pinning down distemper. The veterinarian may need to run more sophisticated tests to determine whether the virus is present. Because the signs of distemper can be varied, treatment is often delayed. To be on the safe site, take any sick young dog to the veterinarian for a definite diagnosis.
The only treatment for the distemper virus is good supportive care and control of neurological symptoms, such as seizures. Nursing care involves keeping the eyes and nose dry and encouraging the dog to eat and drink. Dogs who survive the initial infection may develop retinal damage, corneal discoloration, or extreme harness of the nose leather or foot pads.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis (ICH)
H). This is a highly contagious viral disease. Often confused with distemper, ICH begins in the tonsils and spreads to lymph nodes and the bloodstream. The virus is shed in urine, stool, and saliva, and a dog who has recovered remains infectious for up to nine months.
The effects of ICH range from mild to rapidly fatal. Signs of a mild infection include loss of appetite and lethargy. The fatal cases develop suddenly with bloody diarrhea, collapse, and death within hours.
Recovered dogs may develop a cloudy cornea in one or both eyes, referred to as blue eye, but this usually disappears in a few days. Fortunately, the disease is rare and is seen mainly in wild dogs or unvaccinated dogs younger than one year of age.
A highly contagious viral disease, parvovirus first appeared in the 1970s. It’s most common in young puppies but can affect dogs of any age. Doberman pinschers, Labrador retrievers, rottweilers, and pit bull-types seem to be unusually prone to parvovirus and may suffer a more severe case than other breeds. One form of parvorirus affects the heart and is rapidly fatal. The only sign is sudden death.
The parvovirus is shed in feces and transmitted by oral contact with infected feces. Signs of parvovirus start with depression, vomiting, and diarrhea. Some dogs develop a high fever. Suspect parvo any time vomiting and bloody diarrhea develop suddenly in a puppy. The veterinarian can diagnose the disease with an in office blood test.
Dogs with parvo almost always require hospitalization so they can receive intravenous fluids and medications. There is no cure for parvovirus, so this supportive treatment is all that can be don. Antibiotics can help prevent bacterial infections. Recovery, which can take one to two weeks, depends on how quickly the dog was diagnosed and treated as well as the strength of his immune system. Puppies who receive good, early veterinary care usually recover without ill effects.
This fatal disease is caused by a virus that enters the body through the bite or scratch of an infected animal. Because the virus is transmitted through saliva, an infected animal can transmit the disease even if the saliva only touches an open wound or scratch of an infected animal. The rabies virus travels to the brain, causing inflammation. Dogs can be vaccinated against rabies, but there’s no treatment once the disease takes hold.
Changes in behavior are common in rabid animals. A normally friendly dog with rabies might become unusually aggressive or attack people or other animals without warning. Shy dogs can become uncharacteristically affectionate. The classic sign of rabies in frenzied, vicious behavior. Because the dog is unable to swallow, he drools or foams at the mouth. Paralysis develops in later stages. If a rabies vaccinated dog is bitten by a rabid or potentially rabid animal contact. If he shows no signs of developing rabies, he must be vaccinated one month before release from quarantine.
The following are general vaccination recommendations for adult dogs from the American Animal Hospital Association Canine Vaccine Task Force. However, the best vaccination schedule for your dog should be based on lifestyle and area of the country; talk to your dog;s veterinarian.
.Bordetella (bacterial illness commonly called kennel cough) :optional, but recommends annually or more often for dogs at risk for infection.
.Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease): optional, but recommended annually prior to start of tick season for dogs in high exposure areas.
.Canine adenovirus-2 (virus seen in combination with other agents causing upper respirator infection): booster at one year, re vaccinate every three years; also guards against canine adenvirus-1.
.Canine distemper (severe multi systemic viral disease) booster at one year, re vaccinate every three years.
.Leptospirosis (bacteria causing acute infection that can lead to kidney or liver disease): optional, but can re vaccinate every six months in high risk situations, discontinuing booster schedule when exposure ceases.
.Parainfluenza virus (viral disease, but less severs than distemper; also a type of kennel cough) booster at one year, re vaccinate every three years.
.Rabies (virus affecting the brain and spinal cord): booster at one year, re vaccinate every three years depending on state mandates.
Here we have learned how to look for illness in dogs and shots that we can give to help them. I hope you found this article informational, and feel free to leave a comment below.